Neem is a fast-growing tree that can reach a height of 15–20 metres (49–66 ft), rarely to 35–40 metres (115–131 ft). It is evergreen, but in severe drought it may shed most or nearly all of its leaves.
Persian Lilac, Neem Tree, Indian Lilac, Bead Tree, Margosa Tree, Cornucopia, Indian Cedar
Weeding in dry areas is essential, as the tree cannot withstand competition, especially from grasses. It responds well to chemical and organic fertilisers. It grows on a wide variety of neutral to alkaline soils but performs better than most species on shallow, stony, sandy soils.
Food: Fruits are eaten fresh or cooked, or prepared as a dessert or lemonade-type drink. The young twigs and flowers are occasionally consumed as vegetables.
Fodder: The leaves, though very bitter, are used as a dry season fodder.
Fuel: Charcoal made from A. indica wood is of excellent quality and the wood has long been used as firewood. Its oil is burned in lamps throughout India.
Timber: A. indica is a species of the mahogany family, and although it has some of the characteristics of a cabinetry wood, its grain is rough and does not polish well.