A small to medium tree, 7 to 13 m tall, with a stem diameter of 20 to 30 cm. The crown is low, spreading and almost symmetrical, and can be flattened or a rounded umbrella-shape (in free standing specimens). The bark is very dark brown to black with deep regular vertical grooves in older specimens. The thorns are almost straight, paired at the nodes of the stem and usually pointing slightly backwards.
This species can withstand extremely dry environments and can also endure floods. It thrives under irrigation.
Medicinal, timber, fuelwood, fodder.
The leaves and fruits can be poisonous if eaten in large quantities.
Acacia, Egyptian mimosa, Egyptian thorn, red thorn. Babool, Babul(in India)